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Some expressions and words used in cricket are quite idiosyncratic and often not self-explanatory::
Bail Thin wooden sticks lying on top of the stumps
Together with the three stumps they form a construct called wicket.
Bowl-out (out) The ball has hit the wicket
If the batsman cannot prevent the ball from hitting the wicket, he is out.
Crease Chalk line near the wickets
There are three different creases: Bowling crease (may not be overstepped by the bowler), Batting crease (may not be overstepped by the batsman), Return crease (has to be reached by the batsman before the ball reaches the wicket).
Economy Rate Scores which a team makes in relation to the balls bowled by one bowler
A good economy rate is low (e.g. 4) and a bad one is hight (e.g. 8). This means, the fewer runs the opposing team can score during the bowling time of one bowler, the better.
Extras (Sundries) Scores which go directly to the team and not to the individual batsman
Normally, scores go to the batsman, if he hits the ball with the bat or his hands. Other scores, given by the umpire, go directly to the batsman's team.
Innings (round) Time during which a team is batting or fielding, respectively
Depending on the variation of the game, an innings consists of 50 so-called overs (One-Day International Matches) or of a theoretically unlimited number of overs (International Test Matches).
Leg before Wicket (LBW) Ball would have hit the wicket had the batsman not stood directly in front of it
If the ball hits the batsman's legs, the umpires decide whether the wicket would have been hit had the batsman not stood directly in front of it. If so, the batsman is out.
Limited Overs (One-Day International Matches) Every team is playing one innings of 50 overs
As the expression "limited overs" indicates, teh number of overs per innings is limited, namely to 50. Contrary to this, in Test Cricket Matches, an unlimited number of overs may be played.
No-Ball Bad shot, the batting team gets scores
The bowler steps over the bowling crease.
One-Day (Limited Overs Matches) Every team is playing one innings of 50 overs
See"Limited Overs".
Over Six balls bowled
An over consists of six balls bowled in sequence by a single bowler.
Pitch Central part of field, 20 times 3 metres, often called Wicket
This is the part of the field where the actual game takes place. There are the wickets, there the bowler bowls and there the batsman bats.
Pinch Hitter A special batsman, specialised in scoring a high number of points
Quota (Spell) A bowler bowls during the maximum of 10 overs
Maiden Over Over during which not a single point has been scored
Strike Rate Strikes of the batsman in relation to the balls bowled
Run To score points
Run Out (out) The ball hits the wicket before the batsman reaches the return crease
The batsman is out.
Run Up Distance which the bowler runs before actually throwing the ball
Shot The batsman hits the ball with the bat
Spell (Quota) A bowler bowls during the maximum of 10 overs
Striker Batsman standing opposite the bowler
One of the two batsmen is the striker, the other one the non-striker.
Stump Three wooden sticks on top of which are placed the bails, the whole construct is called Wicket
Together with the two bails lying on top of the stumps a construct is formoed which is called wicket.
Stump (out) With the ball missed by the batsman, the wicketkeeper hits the bails off the stumps
If the batsman misses the ball and the wicketkeeper can catch it and hit the bails of the wicket so that the fall down, the batsman is out.
Test Match Match consisting of two innings per team, may last up to five days
This is the best known and most popular variation of cricket. If one talks about international cricket one generally means Test Match Cricket.
Wicket Expression having various meanings: Pitch, construct of stumps and bails, batsman out
All three meanings are commonly known and wide-spread. The context makes it clear what exactly is meant.
Wicket Pitch
Sometimes, the word wicket is used for the central pitch (the whole pitch of 20 x 3m), sometimes only for the central bowling area.
Wicket Construct of stumps and bails
Wicket A batsman is out
You will often hear "two wickets out", which means "two batsmen are out".
Wicketkeeper Special fielder
The wicketkeeper is positioned directly behind the wickets. It is his task to catch the balls missed by the batsman. He is the only field player allowed to wear gloves.
Wide ball The ball is bowled too wide for the batsman to have a chance to hit it
The bowler has to bowl the ball is such a way that the batsman has a chance to hit it. A wide ball is a foul.